STI (Sexually Transmitted Infection) Rates Among Native Americans


HIV/AIDS

Though the overall numbers are small, in 2011, the estimated rate (per 100,000 population) of diagnoses of HIV infection among American Indian/Native American males was greater (18.0) than the rate for white males (14.5). The rate per 100,000 population among American Indian/Native American females was greater (5.5) than for white females (2.0).

Sexually Transmitted Diseases


Gonorrhea

In 2010, the gonorrhea rate among American Indians/Alaska Natives was 105.7 cases per 100,000 population, which was 4.6 times the rate among whites. The disparity between gonorrhea rates for American Indians/Alaska Natives and whites was larger for American Indian/Alaska Native women (5.0 times) than for American Indian/Alaska Native men (3.9 times). In 2010, the disparity in gonorrhea rates for American Indians/Alaska Natives was higher in the West and Midwest than in the Northeast or South.

Chlamydia

In 2010, the chlamydia rate among American Indians/Alaska Natives was 592.8 cases per 100,000 population, an increase of 7.8% from the 2009 rate of 549.8 cases per 100,000. Overall, the rate of chlamydia among American Indians/Alaska Natives in the United States was more than four times the rate among whites.

Syphilis

During 2009–2010, the rate of primary and secondary (P&S) syphilis among American Indians/Alaska Natives increased 8.7% (from 2.3 to 2.5 cases per 100,000 population). In 2010, 0.5% of all cases reported to CDC were among American Indians/Alaska Natives. The 2010 rate of P&S syphilis for American Indians/Alaska Natives was 1.2 times the rate for whites.

Acute Hepatitis C

During 2002–2010, the incidence rate of acute hepatitis C remained below 0.5 cases per 100,000 for all racial/ethnic populations except AI/ANs. Rates for AI/ANs have been higher than for other races/ethnicities, especially in 2010 and 2011.


Source: Center for Disease Control